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EGN4.   Materials Science (3)
Prerequisite: CHM-1A with a grade of "C" or better.
Corequisite: PHY-4A
Lec 2 Hrs; Lab 3 Hrs
Lecture: Monday/Wednesday 9:00 – 9:50AM, N8
Lab: Friday 2:00 – 4:50PM, N6
Semesters offered: Fall 2013
Instructor: Dr. Melissa Hornstein
Syllabus
Textbook (one or the other):
Smith Hashemi Textbook Smith Hashemi Textbook
Physical, electrical and mechanical properties of materials including metals, alloys, ceramics, semi-conductors, polymers, and composite materials. Emphasis on atomic and crystalline structures, heat treatment, phase equilibria, transformations, energy bands in solids, studies of grain structure, and corrosion. Laboratory work in metals, corrosion, magnetic properties and plastics.

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Week Date Class material* Homework (due at the first lecture of the next chapter)**
1 Monday, August 19, 2013 Review of syllabus
Chapter 1: Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering
  • Update email address on PAWS.
  • Acquire a copy of the textbook and a lab notebook.
  • Read Chapter 1.
  • While you're waiting to get your book, you can read Chapter 1 from other Materials Science textbooks here and here.
Wednesday, August 21, 2013 Chapter 2: Atomic Structure and Bonding
  • 2.1: Atomic Structure and Subatomic Particles
  • 2.2: Atomic Numbers, Mass Numbers, and Atomic Masses
  • 2.3: The Electronic Structure of Atoms
  • Read Chapter 2.
  • Do problems 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 41, 13, 15, 16, 50, 17, 53, 18(c-j), 19, 25.
  • Link for animations.
  • Bring in an empty package for Friday's packaging lab.
Friday, August 23, 2013 Lab: Packaging and Product Life Cycle Analysis Lab
2 Monday, August 26, 2013 Chapter 2: Atomic Structure and Bonding
  • 2.3: The Electronic Structure of Atoms
  • 2.4: Periodic Variations in Atomic Size, Ionization Energy, and Electron Affinity
  • 2.5: Primary Bonds
Wednesday, August 28, 2013 Chapter 3: Crystal and Amorphous Structure in Materials
  • 3.1: The Space Lattice and Unit Cells
  • 3.2: Crystal Systems and Bravais Lattices
  • 3.3: Principal Metallic Crystal Structures
  • Read Chapter 3.
  • Do problems 1, 2(a,b,d,f), 4, 5, 6, 7(a-d), 9, 10, 31, 33, 42, 15, 17, 18, 16, 19.
  • Link for animations.
  • Link for tutorials.
Friday, August 30, 2013 CES materials selection lab
Bring in computer earbuds/headphones
3 Monday, September 2, 2013 No class - Labor Day
Wednesday, September 4, 2013 Chapter 3: Crystal and Amorphous Structure in Materials
  • 3.4: Atom Positions in Cubic Unit Cells
  • 3.5: Directions in Cubic Unit Cells
  • 3.6: Miller Indices for Crystallographic Planes in Cubic Unit Cells
  • 3.7: Crystallographic Planes and Directions in Hexagonal Crystal Structures
  • 3.8: Comparison of FCC, HCP, and BCC Crystal Structures
Friday, September 6, 2013 Bravais crystal lattice workshop
4 Monday, September 9, 2013 Chapter 3: Crystal and Amorphous Structure in Materials
  • 3.10: Polymorphism or Allotropy
  • 3.11: Crystal Structure Analysis
  • 3.12: Amorphous Materials
Chapter 4: Solidification and Crystalline Imperfections
  • 4.1: Solidification of Metals
  • 4.2: Solidification of Single Crystals
  • 4.3: Metallic Solid Solutions
  • Read Chapter 4.
  • Do problems 1, 4, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 52, 53, 16(a,c), 17, 19, 22, 23, 26, 27, 43.
Wednesday, September 11, 2013 Chapter 4: Solidification and Crystalline Imperfections
  • 4.3: Metallic Solid Solutions
  • 4.4: Crystalline Imperfections
  • 4.5: Experimental Techniques for Identification of Microstructure and Defects
Friday, September 13, 2013 Grain boundaries in metals lab
In addition to journaling in your lab book, this lab requires a Powerpoint lab report (due at the start of the following lab).Your lab report must contain these sections: Title slide, Abstract, Outline, Introduction/Theory, Experimental Procedure, Results, Conclusion/Discussion.
Review the following materials to write a successful lab report:
5 Monday, September 16, 2013 Chapter 5: Thermally Activated Processes and Diffusion in Solids
  • 5.1: Rate Processes in Solids
  • 5.2: Atomic Diffusion in Solids
  • Read Chapter 5.
  • Do problems 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 22.
Wednesday, September 18, 2013 Chapter 5: Thermally Activated Processes and Diffusion in Solids
  • 5.2: Atomic Diffusion in Solids
  • 5.3: Industrial Applications of Diffusion Processes
  • 5.4: Effect of Temperature on Diffusion in Solids
Friday, September 20, 2013 Lab: Diffusion in liquid, gas, and solid
Lab will be held in N23
6 Monday, September 23, 2013 Chapter 6: Mechanical Properties of Metals I
  • 6.1: The Processing of Metals and Alloys
  • 6.2: Stress and Strain in Metals
  • 6.3: The Tensile Test and the Engineering Stress-Strain Diagram
  • Read Chapter 6.
  • Do problems 8, 9(acde), 45 (using Excel), 47 (using Excel), 10, 12, 13, 14, 17, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27(a), 28, 29, 30, 31, 34, 35, 36.
Wednesday, September 25, 2013 Chapter 6: Mechanical Properties of Metals I
  • 6.4: Hardness and Hardness Testing
  • 6.5: Plastic Deformation of Metal Single Crystals
  • 6.5: Plastic Deformation of Metal Single Crystals
  • 6.6: Plastic Deformation of Polycrystalline Metals
  • 6.7: Solid-Solution Strengthening of Metals
  • 6.8: Recovery and Recrystallization of Plastically Deformed Metals
Friday, September 27, 2013 Lab: Stress-strain lab using force sensors
Pasco instruction manual
In addition to journaling in your lab book, this lab requires a Powerpoint lab report (due at 8am on Friday).
7 Monday, September 30, 2013 Chapter 6: Mechanical Properties of Metals I
  • 6.8: Recovery and Recrystallization of Plastically Deformed Metals
  • 6.9: Superplasticity in Metals
  • 6.10: Nanocrystalline Metals
Chapter 7: Mechanical Properties of Metals II
  • 7.1: Fracture of Metals
  • Read Chapter 7.
  • Do problems 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 9, Ex. prob. 7.1, 10, 12, 13, 15, 16, Ex. prob. 7.2, 17, 18, 19.
Wednesday, October 2, 2013 Chapter 7: Mechanical Properties of Metals II
  • 7.2: Fatigue of Metals
  • 7.3: Fatigue Crack Propagation Rate
Friday, October 4, 2013 Lab: Tensile test and hardness test of metals
Lab will be held in N8
  • Review of tensile testing and the important elements of the testing apparatus
  • Tensile testing demonstration (Tito)
  • Failure and fracture analysis
    • What kind of fracture was it?
    • Measure the length and diameter of the specimen after fracture.
    • Calculate the percent reduction in area and percent elongation.
    • Graph the engineering stress vs. strain, and indicate the yield strength, elastic regime, plastic regime, ultimate tensile strength, fracture point, and Young’s Modulus.
    • How did the processing of the material affect its properties?
    • Comment on the ductility of the material.
    • Compare your values with other tensile test values (referenced from internet).
    • Briefly summarize the similarities and differences in material properties for the materials tested. When observed, present relationships between various material properties for the three materials tested (example: increasing Modulus of Elasticity for the materials was accompanied by increasing percent reduction in area).
    • Chances are that the specimens failed somewhere other than directly in the middle. What determines where a specimen fails?
8 Monday, October 7, 2013 Chapter 7: Mechanical Properties of Metals II
  • 7.4: Creep and Stress Rupture of Metals
  • 7.6: A Case Study in Failure of Metallic Components
  • 7.7: Recent Advances and Future Directions in Improving the Mechanical Performance of Metals
Wednesday, October 9, 2013 Chapter 8: Phase Diagrams
  • 8.1: Phase Diagrams of Pure Substances
  • 8.2: Gibbs Phase Rule
  • 8.3: Cooling Curves
  • 8.4: Binary Isomorphous Alloy Systems
  • 8.5: The Lever Rule
  • Read Chapter 8.4-8.12.
  • Do problems 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 21, 10, 11, 25, 26.
Friday, October 11, 2013 Lab: Lead-tin phase diagram
Lab will be held in N23
In addition to journaling in your lab book, this lab requires a Powerpoint lab report (due at midterm).
9 Monday, October 14, 2013 Chapter 8: Phase Diagrams
  • 8.6: Nonequilibrium Solidification of Alloys
  • 8.7: Binary Eutectic Alloy Systems
  • 8.8: Binary Peritectic Alloy Systems
  • 8.9: Binary Monotectic Systems
  • 8.10: Invariant Reactions
  • 8.11: Phase Diagrams with Intermediate Phases and Compounds
  • 8.12: Ternary Phase Diagrams
Wednesday, October 16, 2013 Midterm review
Chapter 9: Engineering Alloys
Friday, October 18, 2013 Midterm
10 Monday, October 21, 2013 Chapter 10: Polymeric Materials
  • 10.1: Introduction
  • 10.2: Polymerization Reactions
  • Read Chapter 10.
  • Do problems 1, 5(a), 6, 8, 9, 18, 19, 21(a), 26, 27(a), 28, 29, 30(a), 32, 33, 45, 46, 47, 59, 60, 61, 65.
Wednesday, October 23, 2013 Chapter 10: Polymeric Materials
  • 10.3: Industrial Polymerization Methods
  • 10.4: Crystallinity and Steroisomerism in Some Thermoplastics
  • 10.5: Processing of Plastic Materials
  • 10.6: General-Purpose Thermoplastics
  • 10.7: Engineering Thermoplastics
  • 10.8: Thermosetting Plastics (Thermosets)
  • 10.9: Elastomers (Rubbers)
  • 10.10: Deformation and Strengthening of Plastic Materials
  • 10.11: Creep and Fracture of Polymeric Materials
Friday, October 25, 2013 Class cancelled - Engineering Liaison Council meeting
11 Monday, October 28, 2013 Chapter 11: Ceramics
  • 11.1: Introduction
  • 11.2: Simple Ceramic Crystal Structures
  • 11.3: Silicate Structures
  • Read Chapter 11.
  • Do problems 1, 2, 3, 16, 19, 20, 22, 28, 29, 30, 35, 39, 40, 45, 46, 47, 54.
  • Problem: What is the difference between fused silica and quartz?
  • Problem: A yttria green body sample is pillbox shaped (like the ones we saw in the lecture today). Its weight is 152 mg, thickness is 1.82 mm, and its diameter is 6.05 mm. After sintering, its diameter changes to 5.06 mm, and thickness becomes 1.50 mm. What is its green body density? What is its sintered density? Why did the density change?
Wednesday, October 30, 2013 Chapter 11: Ceramics
  • 11.4: Processing of Ceramics
  • 11.5: Traditional and Engineering Ceramics
  • 11.6: Mechanical Properties of Ceramics
  • 11.7: Thermal Properties of Ceramics
  • 11.8: Glasses
  • 11.9: Ceramic Coatings and Surface Engineering
  • 11.10: Nanotechnology and Ceramics
Friday, November 1, 2013 Ceramic sintering of zinc oxide
  • In addition to journaling in your lab book, this lab requires a Powerpoint lab report (due in at the start of next week's lab).
  • Fill out field trip form by Monday, November 4, at 9am.
12 Monday, November 4, 2013 Chapter 12: Composite Materials
  • 12.1: Introduction
  • 12.6: Concrete
  • 12.2: Fibers for Reinforced-Plastic Composite Materials
  • 12.3: Fiber-Reinforced-Plastic Composite Materials
  • Read Chapter 12.
  • Do problems 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 34, 36, 37, 50, 52, 54, 55, 61, 65, 66, 76, 77.
Wednesday, November 6, 2013 Chapter 12: Composite Materials
  • 12.3: Fiber-Reinforced-Plastic Composite Materials
  • 12.2: Fibers for Reinforced-Plastic Composite Materials
  • 12.3: Fiber-Reinforced-Plastic Composite Materials
  • 12.4: Open-Mold Processes for Fiber-Reinforced-Plastic Composite Materials
  • 12.5: Closed-Mold Processes for Fiber-Reinforced-Plastic Composite Materials
  • 12.7: Asphalt and Asphalt Mixes
  • 12.8: Wood
  • 12.9: Sandwich Structures
  • 12.10: Metal-Matrix and Ceramic-Matrix Composites
Friday, November 8, 2013 Concrete field trip to Harkins Readymix plant.
Meet at the dispatch trailer behind the concrete plant at 2:00pm.
If you will not be attending the field trip, please watch this movie on concrete and write a lab report in the usual format.
13 Monday, November 11, 2013 No class - Veteran's Day
Wednesday, November 13, 2013 Chapter 13: Corrosion
  • 13.1: General
  • 13.2: Electrochemical Corrosion of Metals
  • 13.3: Galvanic Cells
  • 13.4: Corrosion Rates (Kinetics)
  • 13.5: Types of Corrosion
  • 13.6: Oxidation of Metals
  • 13.7: Corrosion Control
  • Read Chapter 13.
  • Do problems 1, 2, 4, 7, 10, 14, 15, 18, 19, 20, 21, 24, 25, 26, 27.
Friday, November 15, 2013 Materials design project workshop
14 Monday, November 18, 2013 Chapter 13: Corrosion
  • 13.4: Corrosion Rates (Kinetics)
  • 13.5: Types of Corrosion
  • 13.6: Oxidation of Metals
  • 13.7: Corrosion Control
Wednesday, November 20, 2013 Chapter 14: Electrical Properties of Metals
  • 14.1: Electrical Conduction in Metals
  • 14.2: Energy-Band Model for Electrical conduction
  • 14.3: Intrinsic Semiconductors
  • 14.4: Extrinsic Semiconductors
  • Read Chapter 14.
  • Do problems 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 14, 15, 17, 19, 21, 24, 25, 26, 30, 32, 38, 39, 44, 45, 51, 55.
Friday, November 22, 2013 Temperature Dependence of Metal Resistivity
15 Monday, November 25, 2013 No class
Wednesday, November 27, 2013 Chapter 14: Electrical Properties of Metals
  • 14.4: Extrinsic Semiconductors
  • 14.5: Semiconductor Devices
  • 14.6: Microelectronics
  • 14.7: Compound Semiconductors
  • 14.8: Electrical Properties of Ceramics
  • 14.9: Nanoelectronics
Friday, November 29, 2013 No lab - Day after Thanksgiving
16 Monday, December 2, 2013 Chapter 15: Optical Properties and Superconductive Materials
  • 15.1: Introduction
  • 15.2: Light and the Electromagnetic Spectrum
  • 15.3: Refraction of Light
  • 15.4: Absorption, Transmission, and Reflection of Light
  • 15.5: Luminescence
  • Read Chapter 15.
  • Do problems 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23.
Wednesday, December 4, 2013 Chapter 15: Optical Properties and Superconductive Materials
  • 15.6: Stimulated Emission of Radiation and Lasers
  • 15.7: Optical Fibers
  • 15.8: Superconducting Materials
Friday, December 6, 2013 Chapter 16: Magnetic Properties
Guest speaker from WD-HGST (formerly Hitachi Global Storage Technologies)
17 Monday, December 9, 2013 Chapter 17: Biological Materials and Biomaterials
  • 17.1: Introduction
  • 17.2: Biological Materials: Bone
  • 17.3: Biological Materials: Tendons and Ligaments
  • 17.4: Biological Material: Articular Cartilage
  • Read Chapter 17.
  • Do problems 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 13, 17, 19, 20, 21, 48.
Wednesday, December 11, 2013 Chapter 17: Biological Materials and Biomaterials
  • 17.5: Biomaterials: Metals in Biomedical Applications
  • 17.6: Polymers in Biomedical Applications
  • 17.7: Ceramics in Biomedical Applications
  • 17.8: Composites in Biomedical Applications
  • 17.9: Corrosion in Biomaterials
  • 17.10: Wear in Biomedical Implants
  • 17.11: Tissue Engineering
Design project due today.
Friday, December 13, 2013 No class - Final exam week Final exam review - scroll to bottom of page
18 Monday, December 16, 2013 No class - Final exam week
Wednesday, December 18, 2013 Final exam: 8:00am - 11:00am, MER8
*This is only a tentative schedule which is subject to change as time progresses.
**Homework will be assigned on the date of the lecture.